1. A hearing I pray all holy kind,
great and small,
sons of Heimdall they will that I Woe-father´s (Loki's?) deeds recount,
men´s ancient damage,* those that I best remember. *With Hauksbók 1/5 reading vaföðrs vél,
possibly "the ancient damage to men" caused by the wiles of the Woe-father (Loki).

2. I remember Jötuns born early on,
those who me of old have reared. nine worlds I remember,
nine wood-ogresses,
the great measuring tree,
beneath the earth.

3. When time was young,
where Ymir dwelt,
was no sand,
no sea,
nor cool waves;
earth existed not,
nor heaven above,
A gap was gaping,
and no grass.

4. Before Bor´s sons raised up heaven´s vault,
they who the noble Midgard shaped. The sun shone from the south on the hall's stones:
then was the ground grown with green leeks.

5. The sun from the south,
the moon´s companion,
her right hand cast about the horse-doors.* The sun did not know what halls she possessed. The stars did not know where they had a station. The moon did not know what power he possessed. *The reading himin-jöðurr is conjectural,
based on compounding the readings himinn from K and iodur from H,
which is understood as  a variant of iaðarr,

6. Then went all the powers went to their judgment seats,
the all-holy gods,
and thereon held council:
to night and waning moon gave names;
morn they named,
and mid-day,
afternoon and eve,
to reckon years.

7. The Æsir met on Ida’s plain;
their strength they proved,
all things tried,
furnaces established,
precious things forged,
shaped tongs,
and made tools;

8. at tables played at home;
joyous they were;
to them was naught the want of gold,
until three came þussa [“thurs”-?] maidens,
all powerful,
from Jötunheim.

9. Then all the powers went to the judgement seats the most holy gods and deliberated on this:
Who of the dwarves should create men from the blood of Brimir and the limbs (or:
bones) of Blainn

10. There Mótsognir was the most esteemed of all the dwarves,
but Durinn the second. human forms they made many dwarves in the earth as Durinn commanded.

11. Nýi and Nidi,
Nordri and Sudri,
Asutri and Vestri,
Dvalin Nár and Náin,
Veig and Gandálf,
Vindálf Thorin,

12. Bivör,
An and Anar,
Thrar and Thrain,
and Litr,
Nýr and Nýrád,
Now have I reckoned Regin and Rádsvid. rightly told.

13. Fili,
Nár and Náin,
Fræg and Lóni,

14. Aurvang,
Eikinskialdi. Time ´tis of the dwarfs in Dvalin´s band,
to the sons of men,
to Lofar up to reckon,
those who came forth from the stone halls,
earth´s foundation,
to Iora´s plains.

15. There were Draupnir,
and Dólgthrasir,
Alf and Yngvi,

16. That ever above shall,
while mortals live,
accounted be,
the progeny of Lofar,

17. Until there came þussa [thurs? cp. st. 8] maids mighty and benevolent Æsir to the house. They found on land,
with little strength,
Ask and Embla,
örlog (destiny)-less. 

18. önd (spirit/breath) they did not possess,
óðr (mind,
inspiration) they did not have,
blood nor motive powers,
nor good colour. Önd gave Odin,
óðr gave Hoenir,
blood gave Lodur,
and good color.

19. I know an ash standing named Yggdrasil,
a high tree, laved with white mud:
thence come the dews that fall in dales stands ever green over Urd´s fountain.

20. Thence come maidens,
much knowing,
three from the hall,
which under that tree stands;
Urd hight one,
the second Verdandi,
- on a tablet they graved - Skuld the third. They laid down laws,
they allotted life human born;
örlog to pronounce.

21. Then all the powers went to their judgment-seats,
the high-holy gods and thereon held council:
who had mingled all the air with evil? or to the Jötun race had given Od´s maid?

22. There alone was Thor with anger swollen. He seldom sits,
when he hears of the like. Oaths are not held sacred;
nor words,
nor swearing,
nor binding compacts reciprocally made.

23. She knows that Heimdall’s hearing is hidden under the heaven-bright holy tree. A river she sees flow,
with foamy fall,
from Valfather’s pledge. Know ye yet,
or what?

24. East lived the crone,
in Ironwood,
and bore there Fenrir´s progeny:
of them all one especially shall be the moon’s de[vour]er,
in a troll’s guise.

25. He is sated with the last breath of fated men;
the gods’ seat he defiles with red blood:
swart becomes the sunshine then for summers after;
weather all wicked. Know ye yet,
or what?

26. She remembers that war,
the first folk-war in the world,
when Gullveig they studded with spears,
and in the High One´s hall burnt her,
thrice burnt,
thrice born,
often not seldom;
yet she still lives.

27. Heid they called her,
wherever she came,
the well-foreseeing Vala:
she enchanted gandr* sorcery she knew,
with sorcery she played with minds;
she was ever the "sweet scent" of evil women. 

28. Then all the powers went to their judgment-seats,
the high-holy gods And thereon held counsel;
whether the Æsir should pay a fine,
or all the gods pay tribute.

29. Odin cast his spear,
and shot into the people that was the folk-war [first?] in the world. Broken was the board wall of the Æsir´s burgh. The Vanir,
prophetic in war,
tramp the plains.

30. Then from Vali’s war-bonds most rigid,
bonds from entrails made. There sits Sigyn,
for her consort’s sake,
not right glad. Know ye yet,
or what?

31. Loud bays Garm before the Gnupa-cave,
his bonds break and the wolf runs. Further forward I see,
much can I say of Ragnarök and the gods´conflict.

32. Sat there on a mound,
striking a harp,
the giantess’s herder,
joyous Egdir;
crows o'er,
in the gallows-wood,
the fair red cock,
which Fialar hight.

33. Crows over the Æsir Gullinkambi,
which wakens heroes at the father of hosts’;
but another crows down below the earth,
a soot-red cock,
in the halls of Hel.

34. She saw a hall standing,
far from the sun,
in Náströnd (Corpse-beach);
its doors face northward,
venom-drops fall in through its apertures:
so that hall is woven of serpent’s backs.

35. There she saw wade sluggish streams bloodthirsty men and perjurers,
and him who begiles the ear of another’s wife. There Nidhögg sucks the corpses of the dead;
the wolf tears men. Know ye yet,
or what?

36. Loud bays Garm before the Gn.-c. his b. br. and…

37. Brothers shall fight,
and slay each other;
sisters’ children shall violate kinship;
Hard is the world much whoredom an axe age,
a sword age Shields are cloven. A wind age,
a wolf age,
ere the world sinks. The ground resounds gifr [troll-women] fly no man will another spare. 

38. Mim’s sons play,
but the central tree takes fire,
at the ancient Gjallar-horn. Loud blows Heimdall,
his horn is raised;
Odin speaks with Mim’s head.

39. Shivers Yggdrasil’s ash yet standing;
groans that aged tree,
and the jötun is loosed. all men will be panic-stricken on the paths of Hel,
before Surt’s kinsmen swallows that one.

40. How is it with the Æsir? How with the Alfar? All Jötunheim resounds;
the Æsir are in council. The dwarfs groan before their stony doors,
the sages of the rocky walls. Know ye yet,
or what?

41. Loud bays Garm before the Gnipa-cave

42. Hrym steers from the east,
the waters rise,
Jormungandr is coiled in jötun-rage. The worm beats the waves,
and the eagle screams:
pale-beak tears carcasses;
Naglfar is loosed.

43. That ship fares from the east:
come will Muspell’s people o’er the sea,
and Loki steers. The monster’s kin goes all with the wolf;
with them the brother is of Byleist on their course.

44. Surt comes from the south with the bane of branches;
shines from his sword the Val-god’s sun. The stony hills are dashed together,
the giantesses totter;
men tread the Hel-way,
and heaven is cloven.

45. Then comes Hlin´s second grief,
when Odin goes to fight with the wolf,
and the bright slayer of Beli with Surt. Then will Frigg´s 'sweet scent' fall.

46. Loud bays Garm before the Gnipa-cave,

47. In the air above the girdle of the earth gape the jaws of the terrible worm*;
Odin's son will meet the worm after the wolf's death (and) Vidar's kinsman [Odin].

48. … [nine steps] .[jör]……  bowed by the serpent  · · · · · · · · · ·   all men will  · ·   · · · · · · ·'bandon  [he] · · · · · ·   Mid- · · · · · ·  , 

49. …darkens,
earth in ocean sinks,
fall from heaven the bright stars,
fire´s breath assails the all-nourishing tree,
towering fire plays against heaven itself.

50. Bays ...Garm much before the Gnipa-cave,
his bonds he rends asunder;
and Freki runs.

51. She sees arise,
a second time,
earth from ocean,
beauteously green,
waterfalls descending;
the eagle flying over,
which in the fell captures fish.

52. The Æsir meet on Ida´s plain,
and of the mighty earth-encircler speak,
and there to memory call their mighty deeds,
and the great-god’s ancient runes.

53. Then the Aesir shall the wondrous golden tables find in the grass;
those they had owned in early days.

54. Unsown shall fields produce,
bale may all be better;
Baldr shall come;
They inhabit,
Hödr and Baldr,
Hropt´s victory-walls the sanctuaries of the gods of the slain Know ye yet,
or what?

55. Then can Hoenir choose his lot,
and the two brother´s sons inhabit the spacious Vindheim. Know ye yet,
or what?

voluspa, creation, poetic, edda, odin, proverbs, norse, viking, translated, english Original Article